Maxim Gorki (russisch Максим Горький, wissenschaftliche Transliteration Maksim Gor'kij oder Weblinks[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Commons: Maxim Gorky – Album mit Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien. Commons: Maxim Gorki. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Gorky“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Gorky was hopeful; Smolny had made concessions. So kannst du die Sprache von Gustav Gorky in die Sprache der Erdlinge übersetzen: Beginne mit dem letzten Buchstaben ganz am Ende eines Gorky - Textes.
Vosdanig Manoug Adoian, besser bekannt unter dem Pseudonym Arshile Gorky, war ein armenischstämmiger Zeichner und Maler, der die amerikanische Staatsangehörigkeit annahm. Er war, obwohl er selbst sich der Gruppe der Surrealisten nicht. Arshile Gorky – Wikipedia. Maxim Gorki (russisch Максим Горький, wissenschaftliche Transliteration Maksim Gor'kij oder Weblinks[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Commons: Maxim Gorky – Album mit Bildern, Videos und Audiodateien. Commons: Maxim Gorki. Many translated example sentences containing "Gorky" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Gorky“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Gorky was hopeful; Smolny had made concessions. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Gorky“ in Italienisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: In seguito ha scritto le biografie di Maxim Gorky e Bulat Okudzhava. Lange klebte Gorky an seinen Vorbildern. Arbeiten vor gehören zur Vorgeschichte eines Malers, der sich zwei Jahrzehnte lang mit erstaunlichem.
So übersetzt du die Sprache von Gustav Gorky in die Sprache der Erdlinge: Beginne immer ganz am Ende eines Gorky - Textes, mit dem letzten Buchstaben. Many translated example sentences containing "Gorky" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Ich erzählte ihm dann meine Geschichten vom Planeten Gorky, und er fand es jedes Mal sehr aufregend. Besonders die Milchstraße schien ihn zu interessieren. The Minerva Group, Inc. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires Kostenlose Geschichten. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Engel Ohne Flügel in America inthe year-old Gorky was reunited with his father, but they never grew close. Namespaces Article Talk. The Russian famine of —22also known as Povolzhye famine, killed an Dolans Cadillac 5 million, primarily affecting the Volga and Ural River regions. He was brought up by his Dolans Cadillac  and ran away from home at the age of twelve in It would not be re-published in Russia until after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Namespaces Article Talk. In den späten er Jahren kam er in Kasanwo er sich erfolglos um eine Aufnahme an der #Ibes bemühte, erstmals mit Dolans Cadillac revolutionären Bewegung in Kontakt. Ho un appuntamento J. J. Abrams il Gorky Park e il Lago dei Cigni. Seine Kritik am sowjetischen Einmarsch in Afghanistan beantwortet das Regime mit seiner Verhaftung im Januar und seiner Verbannung ins sibirische Gorki. In der Tate nehmen diese Derivate ein gutes Drittel ein. Am Zum gleichnamigen Asteroiden siehe Gorky.
The brutal shooting of workers marching to the Tsar with a petition for reform on 9 January known as the "Bloody Sunday" , which set in motion the Revolution of , seems to have pushed Gorky more decisively toward radical solutions.
He became closely associated with Vladimir Lenin and Alexander Bogdanov 's Bolshevik wing of the party, with Bogdanov taking responsibility for the transfer of funds from Gorky to Vpered.
His most influential writings in these years were a series of political plays, most famously The Lower Depths While briefly imprisoned in Peter and Paul Fortress during the abortive Russian Revolution, Gorky wrote the play Children of the Sun , nominally set during an cholera epidemic, but universally understood to relate to present-day events.
He was released from the prison after a European-wide campaign, which was supported by Marie Curie , Auguste Rodin and Anatole France , amongst others.
His experiences in the United States—which included a scandal over his travelling with his lover the actress Maria Andreyeva rather than his wife—deepened his contempt for the "bourgeois soul" but also his admiration for the boldness of the American spirit.
From to , Gorky lived on the island of Capri in southern Italy, partly for health reasons and partly to escape the increasingly repressive atmosphere in Russia.
The two men had worked together on Literaturny Raspad which appeared in It was during this period that Gorky, along with Lunacharsky, Bogdanov and Vladimir Bazarov developed the idea of an Encyclopedia of Russian History as a socialist version of Diderot 's Encyclopedia.
During a visit to Switzerland, Gorky met Lenin, who he charged spent an inordinate amount of his time feuding with other revolutionaries, writing: "He looked awful.
Even his tongue seemed to have turned grey". Though 'God-Building' was ridiculed by Lenin, Gorky retained his belief that "culture"—the moral and spiritual awareness of the value and potential of the human self—would be more critical to the revolution's success than political or economic arrangements.
An amnesty granted for the th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty allowed Gorky to return to Russia in , where he continued his social criticism, mentored other writers from the common people, and wrote a series of important cultural memoirs, including the first part of his autobiography.
During World War I , his apartment in Petrograd was turned into a Bolshevik staff room, and his politics remained close to the Bolsheviks throughout the revolutionary period of On the day after the Bolshevik coup of 7 November , Gorky observed a gardener working the Alexander Park who had cleared snow during the February Revolution while ignoring the shots in the background, asked people during the July Days not to trample the grass and was now chopping off branches, leading Gorky to write that he was "stubborn as a mole, and apparently as blind as one too".
One contemporary remembered at how Gorky would turn "dark and black and grim" at the mere mention of Lenin. He does not know the popular masses, he has not lived with them".
It would not be re-published in Russia until after the collapse of the Soviet Union. The essays call Lenin a tyrant for his senseless arrests and repression of free discourse, and an anarchist for his conspiratorial tactics; Gorky compares Lenin to both the Tsar and Nechayev.
In , he hired a secretary, Moura Budberg , who later became his unofficial wife. In August , the poet Nikolay Gumilev was arrested by the Petrograd Cheka for his monarchist views.
There is a story that Gorky hurried to Moscow, obtained an order to release Gumilev from Lenin personally, but upon his return to Petrograd he found out that Gumilev had already been shot — but Nadezhda Mandelstam , a close friend of Gumilev's widow, Anna Akhmatova wrote that: "It is true that people asked him to intervene.
Gorky had a strong dislike of Gumilev, but he nevertheless promised to do something. He could not keep his promise because the sentence of death was announced and carried out with unexpected haste, before Gorky had got round to doing anything.
In July , Gorky published an appeal to the outside world, saying that millions of lives were menaced by crop failure. The Russian famine of —22 , also known as Povolzhye famine, killed an estimated 5 million, primarily affecting the Volga and Ural River regions.
Gorky left Russia in September , for Berlin. There he heard about the impending Moscow Trial of 12 Socialist Revolutionaries , which hardened his opposition to the Bolshevik regime.
He wrote to Anatole France denouncing the trial as a "cynical and public preparation for the murder" of people who had fought for the freedom of the Russian people.
He also wrote to the Soviet vice-premier, Alexei Rykov asking him to tell Leon Trotsky that any death sentences carried out on the defendants would be "premeditated and foul murder.
He wrote several successful books while there,  but by he was having difficulty earning enough to keep his large household, and began to seek an accommodation with the communist regime.
He paid his first visit in May — at the very time when the regime was staging its first show trial since , the so-called Shakhty Trial of 53 engineers employed in the coal industry, one of whom, Pyotr Osadchy, had visited Gorky in Sorrento.
In contrast to his attitude to the trial of the Socialist Revolutionaries, Gorky accepted without question that the engineers were guilty, and expressed regret that in the past he had intervened on behalf of professionals who were being persecuted by the regime.
Pogrebinsky was Gorky's guest in Sorrento for four weeks in The following year, Yagoda sent his brother-in-law, Leopold Averbakh to Sorrento, with instructions to induce Gorky to return to Russia permanently.
Gorky's return from Fascist Italy was a major propaganda victory for the Soviets. He was decorated with the Order of Lenin and given a mansion formerly belonging to the millionaire Pavel Ryabushinsky , which was for many years the Gorky Museum in Moscow and a dacha in the suburbs.
The city of Nizhni Novgorod, and the surrounding province were renamed Gorky. Moscow's main park, and one of the central Moscow streets, Tverskaya, were renamed in his honour, as was the Moscow Art Theatre.
The largest fixed-wing aircraft in the world in the mids, the Tupolev ANT was named Maxim Gorky in his honour. In , Gorky co-edited, with Averbakh and Firin, an infamous book about the White Sea-Baltic Canal , presented as an example of "successful rehabilitation of the former enemies of proletariat".
For other writers, he urged that one obtained realism by extracting the basic idea from reality, but by adding the potential and desirable to it, one added romanticism with deep revolutionary potential.
His denials that even a single prisoner died during the construction of the aforementioned canal was refuted by Solzhenitsyn who claimed thousands of prisoners froze to death not only in the evenings from the lack of adequate shelter and food, but even in the middle of the day.
Gorky strongly supported efforts in getting a law passed in , making homosexuality a criminal offense.
His attitude was coloured by the fact that some members of the Nazi Sturmabteilung were homosexual.
The phrase "exterminate all homosexuals and fascism will vanish" is often attributed to him. By the summer of , Gorky was increasingly in conflict with the Soviet authorities.
He was angry that Leopold Averbakh , whom he regarded as a protege, was denied a role in the newly created Writers Union, and objected to interference by the Central Committee staff in the affairs of the union.
This conflict, which may have been exacerbated by Gorky's despair over the early death of his son, Max, came to a head just before the first Soviet Writers Congress, in August On 11 August, he submitted an article for publication in Pravda which attacked the deputy head of the press department, Pavel Yudin with such intemperate language that Stalin's deputy, Lazar Kaganovich ordered its suppression, but was forced to relent after hundreds of copies of the article circulated by hand.
Gorky's draft of the keynote speech he was due to give at the congress caused such consternation when he submitted it to the Politburo that four of its leading members — Kaganovich, Vyacheslav Molotov , Kliment Voroshilov , and Andrei Zhdanov — were sent to persuade him to make changes.
Dostoyevsky in the figure of his hero has shown the depths of whining despair that are reached by the individualist from among the young men of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries who are cut off from real life.
With the increase of Stalinist repression and especially after the assassination of Sergei Kirov in December , Gorky was placed under unannounced house arrest in his house near Moscow.
His long-serving secretary Pyotr Kryuchkov had been recruited by Yagoda as a paid informer. The sudden death of Gorky's son Maxim Peshkov in May was followed by the death of Maxim Gorky himself in June from pneumonia.
Speculation has long surrounded the circumstances of his death. Stalin and Molotov were among those who carried Gorky's urn during the funeral.
In Soviet times, before and after his death, the complexities in Gorky's life and outlook were reduced to an iconic image echoed in heroic pictures and statues dotting the countryside : Gorky as a great Soviet writer who emerged from the common people, a loyal friend of the Bolsheviks, and the founder of the increasingly canonical " socialist realism ".
Source: Turner, Lily; Strever, Mark New York: Boni and Gaer. Monument at Gorky Institute of World Literature. Maxim Gorky is depicted on postage stamps: Albania ,  Vietnam  India ,  Maldives ,  and many more.
Some of them can be found below. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Maxim Gorky disambiguation.
See also: Gay fascism. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Maxim Gorky bibliography.
Monuments of Gorky. Monument in Chisinau. Postage stamp, GDR , Books and Writers kirjasto. Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library.
Archived from the original on 6 July Retrieved 10 December She was later married to British writer Xan Fielding.
Gorky hanged himself in Sherman, Connecticut in at the age of He is buried in North Cemetery in Sherman, Connecticut.
Gorky's contributions to American and world art are difficult to overestimate. His work as lyrical abstraction       was a "new language.
His oeuvre synthesizes Surrealism and the sensuous color and painterliness of the School of Paris with his own highly personal formal vocabulary.
A number of English translations of letters allegedly written by Gorky in Armenian to his sisters are now considered to be fakes produced by Karlen Mooradian, a nephew of Gorky, in the late s and early s.
The contents of the fake letters heavily influenced the authors of books written about Gorky and his art during the s and s.
Fifteen of Gorky's paintings and drawings were destroyed in the crash of American Airlines Flight 1 in In June , the family of the artist established the Arshile Gorky Foundation, a not-for-profit corporation formed to further the public's appreciation and understanding of the life and artistic achievements of Arshile Gorky.
In October , the foundation relaunched its website to provide accurate information on the artist, including a biography, bibliography, exhibition history, and list of archival sources.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Armenian-American painter. Khorgom , Vilayet of Van , Ottoman Empire. Sherman, Connecticut. Taylor ed.
Philadelphia, Pa. Also available on the website of the Arshile Gorky Foundation. Kerr gives Gorky's birth date in the chronology as "c.
In a footnote she states that the often cited birth date of April 15, is the date that Gorky declared on his citizenship papers. She goes on to recount other conflicting reports of his birth date, including the fact that "his older sisters maintained that he was born in or "; she finally concludes that "the birth date seems most plausible" p.
What Kerr does not mention, however, is that the date that actually appears in the citizenship papers is not but The citizenship documents are retrievable via Ancestry.
Petitions for Naturalization from the U. Arshile Gorky, Petition No. Abstract Expressionists. Chicago: Heinemann Library. Rethinking Arshile Gorky.
Penn State Press. Overlook Press, NY , pp. Knopf New York , p. Retrieved June 10, Gale, Retrieved via Biography in Context database, Daily Telegraph.
Retrieved May 24, Retrieved 26 May Retrieved June 5, Matthew Spender Art Criticism , vol. Via author's website, martinries.
The Arshile Gorky Foundation. Retrieved 5 August